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Vega was the first star photographed by the man. Vega is the brightest star in the constellation Lyra, the fifth brightest star in the night sky and the third brightest star in the northern hemisphere. Its special nature and brightness draw attention of astronomers in the whole world and inspire science-fiction artists.
In “Contact” directed by Robert Zemeckis, researchers detect a message from extraterrestrial inelegance, sent from the star Vega. The star is located only 25 light years from Earth and is considered to be prestigious among all the celestial objects – 3 times bigger than the Sun, it has more than twice the mass of the Sun and its full luminosity is about 50 times the Sun’s value. It can be seen near the zenith in the mid-northern latitudes during the evening in the Northern Hemisphere summer. Vega was the northern pole star already, and it will be so again!
Vega is one of three stars in the Summer Triangle. The other two stars in the triangle are Deneb and Altari. Since this star plays a special role in the night sky, there are many legends and myths about Vega. In Chinese mythology, there is a love story of Qi Xi in which Niu Lang and his two children are separated from their mother Zhi Nu (Weaving Girl, Vega) who is on the far side of the river, the Milky Way. However, one day per year on the seventh day of the seventh month of the Chinese lunisolar calendar, magpies make a bridge so that Niu Lang and Zhi Nu can be together again for a brief encounter. In Japan it is a love story of a celestial princess Tanabata (Vega), and mortal Kengyu (Altari).