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Sirius is the sky’s brightest star. Sirius is over twenty times brighter than our Sun and is twice as massive! There are many legends, myths and conspiracy theories about this mysterious star as it has aroused people’s interest in the whole world for years.
Sirius, or Dog Star, lies in the Greater Dog constellation and it is one of the highlights of the Winter Triangle comprising Betelgeuse in the constellation of Orion and Procyon in the constellation of Little Dog. The only objects that outshine Sirius in heaven are the Sun, Moon, Venus, Jupiter, Mars, and Mercury. Sirius is one of the nearest stars to us, at only 8.6 light years. Therefore, Sirius is perfectly visible to the naked eye on clear starry nights in winter and spring from almost every place in the world.
Many cultures have historically attached special significance to Sirius. The ancient Egyptians worshiped Sirius as god – they noted that Sirius rose just before the Sun each year immediately prior to the annual flooding of the Nile River. This moment was the beginning of the year according to the then-calendar that was used by over 3 thousand years.
As early as thousand years ago Sirius fascinated and inspired people and it was the subject of clergymen’s in-depth studies. Many Egyptian temples were placed in such direction that the star’s light was seen from the alter. The Great Pyramid of Giza was built in alignment with Sirius and is therefore shining right above the Pyramid. The light behind the All-Seeing eye on the American dollar is from Sirius. Many secret societies are named after the star and Sirius is often associated in Masonic symbolism. Enumerated coded references to this most famous star are in the popular culture.